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Facts and Fugures
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Amazing Animal Facts and Figures
- The biggest bird in the world is the ostrich, which
can grow up to nine feet tall.
- The average adult male ostrich, the world's largest
living bird, weighs up to 345 pounds.
- An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain.
- Elephants have been found swimming miles from shore
in the Indian Ocean .
- Elephants are the only animals that can't jump.
- All elephants walk tip-toe, because the back portion
of their foot is made up of all fat and no bone.
- Blue Whales weigh as much as 30 elephants.
- Most elephants weigh less than the tongue of a blue
- Elephants and camels both have four knees.
- African elephants are the largest mammals living
on solid ground. They reach lengths up to 7.5 m and weights up to
- Elephants can communicate using sounds that are below
the human hearing range: between 14 and 35 hertz.
- A baby elephant calf can weigh up to 260 pounds when
it is born.
- An elephant herd can move fifty miles in a day.
- Cheetahs make a chirping sound that is much like
a bird's chirp or a dog's yelp. The sound is so an intense, it can
be heard a mile away.
- A cheetah can reach a top speed approaching 70 mph.
- The cheetah is the only cat in the world that can't
retract its claws.
- The hippopotamus has skin an inch and a half thick
- so solid that most bullets cannot penetrate it.
- Although a full grown hippo weigh from four to five
tons, but they can run faster than man.
- The hippopotamus gives birth under water and nurses
its young in the river as well, though the young hippos do come up
periodically for air.
- ‘Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia' is the fear
of long word.
- Hippos have killed more than 400 people in Africa
- more than any other wild animal.
- Giraffes have no vocal cords.
- Giraffes can clean their ears with their half metre
- Giraffes were at one time referred to by Europeans
as "cameleopards," believing giraffes were the offspring
of camels and leopards.
- Young giraffes can grow an inch a month.
- The animal with the highest normal blood pressure
is the giraffe. However the animal with the highest peak blood pressure
is the flea, whose blood reaches a pressure of 10 atmospheres just
before take off for a big jump.
- Mice, whales, elephants, giraffes and man all
have seven neck vertebra.
- A rhinoceros's horn is made of hair.
- Rhinos are in the same family as horses, and are
thought to have inspired the myth of the unicorn.
- A crocodile's digestive juices are so strong that
it can digest a steel nail.
- A crocodile cannot stick its tongue out.
- A crocodile can't move its tongue and cannot chew.
Its digestive juices are so strong that it can digest a steel nail.
- Crocodiles and alligators are surprisingly fast on
land. Although they are rapid, they are not agile. So if you ever
find yourself chased by one, run in a zigzag line. You'll lose him
or her every time.
- The first known contraceptive was crocodile dung,
used by Egyptians in 2000 B.C.
- No two zebras have the same markings.
- A zebra is white with black stripes.
Flamingoes are the some of the
only creatures designed to survive in the caustic environment of a volcanic
lake Equipped with a filter-feeding system unlike any other bird on earth,
flamingoes' beaks have evolved to skim tiny algae from the water's surface.
By swinging their upside-down heads from side to side or swishing water
with their fat tongues, flamingoes siphon the lake water through their
filters to trap algae. They can filter as many as 20 beakfuls of algae-rich
water in a single second.
- Because most of a lion's weight is made up of muscle,
they are amazing athletes. With one slap of a paw they can knock a
full-grown zebra off its feet. Like any good athlete, they need their
sleep and a lot of it! Twenty hours out of each day is spent snoozing.
- Lions have hair rather than fur. Hair is defined
as a single-layered, thin coat and fur is a double-layered, insulated
coat. Although lions seem to be all one color, closer inspection reveals
patches of white inside their legs and on their bellies.
- When an animal is killed, lions will eat virtually
every part of it–the skin, meat, intestines, even the eyeballs. But
they don't eat the stomach. It must smell bad to lions because they
often bury it.
- Lions can see very well in low-light conditions.
One reason for this is the large size of a lion's yellow eyes. Another
reason is their "tapetum lucidum", a lining of reflective
cells at the back of their eyes. This lining acts like a mirror and
directs light back across the vision cells, giving them another chance
to absorb it.
- Some lions can mate over 50 times a day.
- The muzzle of a lion is like a fingerprint - no two
lions have the same pattern of whiskers.
- The female lion is a much more efficient hunter than
- An adult lion's roar can be heard up to five miles
away, and warns off intruders or reunites scattered members of the
- The female lion does more than 90% of the hunting
while the male simply prefers to rest. !!
- Lions are the only truly social cat species, and
usually every female in a pride, ranging from 5 to 30 individuals,
is closely related.
- The world's smallest winged insect, the Tanzanian parasitic
wasp, is smaller than the eye of a housefly.
- The frog was an ancient Egyptian symbol, later adopted
by the conquering Romans. The Frog-headed goddess Hekt was the goddess
of birth and fertility, and later also of resurrection.
- The study of ants is called Myrmecology.
- You are more likely to be killed by a Champagne cork
than by a poisonous spider.
- On average, people fear spiders more than they do death.
- About 600 species of plants are carnivorous. Most eat
insects but also on the menu are frogs, birds and even small monkeys.
- Dogs and humans are the only animals with prostates.
- Camels have three eyelids to protect themselves from
- "Eat like a bird?" Many birds eat twice their
weight a day.
- The Honey Badger can withstand hundreds of African
bee stings that would kill any other animal.
- Goat's eyes have rectangular pupils.
- Human birth control pills work on gorillas.
- A flamingo can eat only when its head is upside down.
- Butterflies taste with their hind feet.
- Birds sometimes do not sleep in their nests. They may
occasionally nap in them, but they actually sleep in other places.
- In the last 4000 years, no new animals have been domesticated.
- Mosquitoes are attracted to the colour blue twice as
much as to any other colour.
- Mosquitoes have been found to prefer biting people
with smelly feet.
- Mosquitoes prefer children to adults, and blondes to
- A bee can see the colours green, blue and ultra-violet
- but red looks like black.
- A rhinoceros beetle can support up to 850 times its
own weight on it's back. That would be the equivalent of a man carrying
76 family-sized cars around on his back.
- There are an estimated five million, trillion, trillion
bacteria on Earth.
- Over 10,000 birds a year die from smashing into windows.
- When a queen bee lays the fertilized eggs that will
develop into new queens, only one of the newly laid queens actually
survives. The first new queen that emerges from her cell destroys all
other queens in their cells and, thereafter, reigns alone.
- The cat was domesticated over 4,000 years ago. Today's
house cats are descended from wildcats in Africa and Europe .
- Many fish can change sex during the course of their
lives. Others, especially rare deep-sea fish, have both male and female
- Camel milk does not curdle.
- Cats respond better to women than men. One reason this
might be is that women have higher pitched voices than men.
- It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into
- The largest cockroach on record is one measured at
3.81 inches in length.
- A rat can last longer without water than a camel can.
- Snakes are immune to their own poison.
- The cockroach is the fastest animal on 6 legs, covering
a meter a second.
- The honeybee kills more people world-wide than all
the poisonous snakes combined.
- A chimpanzee can learn to recognize itself in a mirror,
but monkeys can't.
- A chameleon's tongue is twice the length of its body.
- Honeybees may collect pollen from as many as 500 flowers,
all of the same species - in a single trip.
- About three new species of bird are discovered each
- Of the 4000 species of mammals on the planet, there
are 900 different species of bats.
- A snail only mates once.
- A snail can sleep 3 years.
- A snail's genitals are on its head.
- The fastest moving land snail, the common garden snail,
has a speed of 0.0313 mph.
- Snails produce a colorless, sticky discharge that forms
a protective carpet under them as they travel along. The discharge is
so effective that they can crawl along the edge of a razor without cutting
- Flamingos are not naturally pink. They get their color
from their food -- tiny green algae that turn pink during digestion.
- Flies have 4000 lenses in each eye.
- A fifteen year old cat has probably spent ten years
of its life sleeping.
- Of all known forms of animal life ever to inhabit the
Earth, only about 10 percent still exist today.
- Spider monkeys like banana daquiries.
- A large porcupine can have over 30,000 quills covering
- Other than fruit, honey is the only natural food that
is made without destroying any kind of life! What about milk, you say?
A cow has to eat grass to produce milk and grass is living!
- The word rodent comes from the Latin word `rodere'
meaning to gnaw.
- You can hypnotise a frog by placing it on it's back
and gently stroking it's stomach.
- Many animals seem to be able to detect the Earth's
magnetism. The Arctic Tern's migratory route follows the Earth's lines
of magnetic force. Many other animals such as sea turtles, whales, birds
and fish may also use the Earth's magnetism to find their way.
- One in four animals on our planet is a beetle!
- If one places a tiny amount of liquor on a scorpion,
it will instantly go mad and sting itself to death.
- Spiders have noses on their feet that can pick up the
odours of possible prey, predators, or mates.
- Reptiles were responsible for such body part innovations
as fur, feathers, claws, differentiated teeth, water impervious skin,
water impervious eggs, and the penis.
- A male moth can smell a female moth from 100 yards
- Mosquito repellents don't repel - they hide you. The
spray blocks the mosquito's sensors so they don't know you're there.
- The owl can catch a mouse in utter darkness, guided
only by tiny sounds made by its prey.
- A young male gorilla (about 8 to 10 years old) is called
a black jack. He's almost as big as a Silver Back, but his hair has
not turned silvery yet, and he still has a lot to learn.
- Ants are said to never cross a chalk line. So if you've
got ants, draw a line on the floor with chalk or wherever the ants are
coming in and see for yourself! They won't cross the line. Baking soda
- All dogs are probably descended from an animal called
Tomarctus. This animal lived approximately 15 million years ago.
- A mature male gorilla is called a Silver back This
refers to the silver-colored hair covering his back, which occurs when
he's about 10-12 years old.
- The only two animals that can see behind itself without
turning it's head are the rabbit and the parrot.
- You're more likely to get stung by a bee on a windy
day than in any other weather.
- When snakes are born with two heads, they fight each
other for food.
- Dolphins are the only other animals besides humans
that get pleasure out of sex. They are also the only other animals that
have sex for reasons other than reproduction.
- More than 99.9% of all the animal species that have
ever lived on earth were extinct before the coming of man.
- According to one study, plant and animal species are
becoming extinct at the rate of 17 per hour.
- In the last 4000 years, no new animals have been domesticated.
- Scientists estimate that there are currently 1.4 million
animal species known to science; with possibly as many as 30 million
on the planet.
- When a female horse and male donkey mate, the offspring
is called a mule, but when a male horse and female donkey mate, the
offspring is called a hinny.
- Rats are omnivorous, eating nearly any type of food,
including dead and dying members of their own species.
- Most lipstick contains fish scales.
- Ants don't sleep.
- Owls have eyeballs that are tubular in shape, because
of this, they cannot move their eyes.
- A bird requires more food in proportion to its size
than a baby or a cat.
- The turkey was named for what was wrongly thought to
be its country of origin.
- In its entire lifetime, the average worker bee produces
1/12th teaspoon of honey.
- You're more likely to be a target for mosquitoes if
you eat bananas.
- The only domestic animal not mentioned in the Bible
is the cat.
- Hummingbirds are the only animal that can also fly
- Insects do not make noises with their voices. The noise
of bees, mosquitoes and other buzzing insects is caused by rapidly moving
- The cockroach is the fastest animal on 6 legs
covering a meter a second.
- The only 2 animals that can see behind itself without
turning it's head are the rabbit and the parrot.
- A woodpecker can peck twenty times a second.
- The world's largest mammal, the blue whale, weighs
50 tons at birth. Fully grown, it weighs as much as 150 tons.
- The world's smallest mammal is the bumblebee bat of
Thailand , weighing less than a penny.
- Reindeer like to eat bananas.
- A whale's penis is called a dork.
- An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain.
- A pregnant goldfish is called a twit.
- Twelve or more cows are known as a "flink."
- A group of frogs is called an army.
- A group of rhinos is called a crash.
- A group of kangaroos is called a mob.
- A group of whales is called a pod.
- A group of geese is called a gaggle.
- A group of ravens is called a murder.
- A group of larks is called an exaltation.
- A group of owls is called a parliament.
The famous Serengeti National
Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area
lie between Kilimanjaro and Lake Victoria
. They contain the largest concentration of migratory
game animals in the world , including elephants, buffaloes,
lions and rhinoceroses. Visitors to the park would often ask about the
origin of the beautiful word ' Serengeti '.
It is definitely a Maasai name, but it has been changed by both Swahili
and English. Originally it was Siringet, but the English rendered it
Serenget and the Kiswahili language added the final 'i'.
The word itself appears to be taken from Siringitu meaning
'tending to extend', and is closely related another Maasai word
'siriri' meaning straight or elongated. Either
way, the sense of space is clear: the place where the land runs on for
Ol Doinyo Lengai -
means "Mountain of God" in Massai language.
It is a steep around 2900 m high stratovolcano located in a section
of the East-African rift valley in northern Tanzania, near the Ngorongongo
and Serengeti National parks. The volcano is known for its unique type
of natrocarbonatite lava and as such it is the only known active natrocarbonatite
volcano on earth.
Lake Victoria is the
largest lake in Africa and the is the world's second-largest freshwater
lake - covering an area of 69,490 sq km (26,830 sq mi) and lies 1,130
m (3,720 ft) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82 m (270
Lake Tanganyika is the deepest lake in Africa reaching
at its greatest depth is 1,436 m (4,710 ft), making it the second deepest
freshwater lake in the world after Lake Baikal.
The River Nile drains north-eastern Africa, and, at
6,650 km (4,132 miles), is the longest river in Africa and in the world.
The Rift Valley extends
more than 4,830 km (3,000 mi) from Syria in south-western Asia to Mozambique
in south-eastern Africa. The width of the valley ranges from a few miles
to more than 160 km (100 mi). In eastern Africa, the valley splits into
two branches: the Eastern Rift and the Western Rift. The fault in which
the Rift sits is still moving: the western side of the rift is pulling
away from the eastern ridge at about 6 mm per year, while in the south
it is moving together at a rate of 2 mm per year.
Kopjes – the most striking feature [of the Serengeti]
is the great Kopjes ('small heads' in Afrikaans)
which emerge out of the sea of grass. The technical term for these rock
outcrops is inselberg. Made from old granite, deposits of volcanic ash
and dust have accumulated around them to form the Serengeti plain. They
have their own range of vegetation and wildlife.
Mto wa Mbu village -
has long been a trading centre where many different people have settled,
notably the Mbugwe , Iraqw , Gorowa
, Irangi , Totoga , Chagga
and Maasai . The area ... is in fact the
most linguistically diverse and complex in Africa. It is the only place
in the continent where the four major African language families - Bantu,
Khoisan, Cushitic, and Nilotic - occur together.
Arusha - A flourishing
town of trees and flowers, Arusha is 4,560 feet above sea level. Once
a small trading post it is now the agricultural, industrial and administrative
centre of the region. Its importance is primarily due to its geographical
position, situated as it is in the centre of East Africa and half-way
between Cairo and the Cape.
Manyara - known after
the Maasai name (emanyara) for the Euphorbia tirucalli bush.
Oldupai - Named after the sansevieria
plant (tall, wild sisal, aka bayonet aloe) called Oldupai
or ol duvai in Maasai.